Osteopathic Research Study: Caesarean Section Scars

THE EFFECT OF OSTEOPATHIC TREATMENT OF CAESAREAN SCARS ON PELVIC MUSCLE STRENGTH

In general, scars have many effects on the function of the body. Think of a square piece of plastic wrap and bunch up one corner. Notice how the remaining part of the plastic wrap is pulled into the manipulated corner. This is tension and dysfunction in the wrap. Imagine your body with this problem. This thesis connects the c-section scar to many areas in the body and how to treat and release potential troubles a women may feel, such as low back pain, neck pain, headaches, painful gynecological areas, poor digestion and more.

Georgio Trimarchi is a graduate of the Canadian College of Osteopathy.  He has been treating the release of scars for many years.  As part of the requirements of the College for licensing, Georigo was honoured to be able to research, scientifically, scars and how it may affect muscle strength.

Abstract

The objective of this research was to determine how myofascial release on transverse Caesarean (caesarean) scars, in conjunction with the use of boney anchors for integration (lumbar and sacrum), alters the muscle strength of specific pelvic muscles.

In this study, which utilized a time-controlled within-subject design, the strength of five specific pelvic muscles were measured for each subject using the Lafayette instrument—a hand held muscle-strength gauge dynamometer. The control and treatment groups were made up of 27 women who were between twenty and forty-five years old and have had transverse caesarean scars for more than twelve months. The participants were volunteers recruited from the local community.

The assessments of muscle strength and treatment of scars were administered in Innergetics Thornhill Clinic site by a fitness consultant and an osteopath graduate student, respectively, over a sixteen-week period.

For all pelvic muscles measured (bilaterally except for the rectus abdominus), the adductor magnus, the gluteus medius, the iliopsoas, the obturator internus and the rectus abdominus, the mean strength measured in kilograms increased over the study period with significance of p < 0.00 for each muscle. Muscle strength was measured at weeks zero, four, and eight—subjects received testing only. At weeks eight and twelve subjects received the treatment procedure. The muscle testing was measured four weeks after each treatment. Muscle strength significantly increased when the average tone of the pre-treatment period was compared to both weeks twelve and sixteen of the post treatment period.

The desired results of this study were to show a deeper understanding of the effects of caesarean scars on pelvic muscles specifically and the female body in general, and how women that have caesarean sections might benefit from osteopathy and more specifically, myofascial release techniques.

Qigong Meditation Part 1

  Wikipedia defines Qigong (Chi/Ki). This site provides the history, theory and various practices of Qigong. This site also gives information of types of applications and criticisms of Qigong. It is worth reading this article, prior to commencing, to better understand the practice of Qigong.

Georgio Trimarchi, founder of innergetics.ca, has been practicing Qigong for a few years (2009) with the Toronto group classes founded by Swami Anand Nisarg, a spiritual teacher.

Georgio has  been practicing Wing Chun Kungfu for about 7 year, initially taught by the late Sifu Jay Newberry and then by Sifu Jay’s teacher  Sifu Roy D. Anthony of Centerline Martial Arts System.

Both practices provide forms of Qigong that have benefited Georgio by balancing his energy flow, stamina, strength and further development of his health practitioner skills.

The 5 video segments of Qigong practice are provided by Swami, Anand Nisarg from his latest trip to Toronto in August 2010 and filmed by Georgio Trimarchi. It is with great appreciation to have permission to show these videos to the public. Thank you Swami, Anand Nisarg.

INSTRUCTIONS:

Throughout each video segment, dynamic or movements patterns can be repeated up to 10 times (or more).  Static posses are to be held for 1 minute or longer. Like any other exercise, adjust the repetitions of movement patterns and static posses to your own ability and comfort level. Focus on your breath, while doing this form of Qigong, in a slow and relaxed way. After completing section 5, continue to focus on breathing from 10 to 30 minutes or more in the static meditation position. For people that have trouble sitting on the floor with their legs crossed, sit on a pillow or in a chair–being comfortable is an asset to being able to achieve the desired relaxation affect in Qigong practice.

The following Qigong form is made up of 5 sections:

Qigong section 1 by Swami Anand Nasarg

Qigong section 2 by Swami Anand Nasarg

Qigong section 3 by Swami Anand Nasarg

Qigong section 4 by Swami Anand Nasarg

Qigong section 5 by Swami Anand Nasarg

Georgio Trimarchi is not an expert on this topic, he is a person that practices Qigong and has greatly benefited from this experience. He would like to invite you to share your experiences with him but for further information and guidance on Qigong, contact Swami, Anand Nisarg.

To practice in the Toronto classes, please contact Swami Deva Peter at swamidevapeter@gmail.com for a location near you.

We continue to follow the philosophy, of the Innergetics Company, by offering wellness clinics, health workshops, and educational and inspirational resources that build energy, awareness, and actions to help people reach their goals.